Путешествие в Туркестан

Parent Category: Въездной туризм
Created on Friday, 29 January 2010 14:15
Last Updated on Friday, 20 May 2022 09:58
Published on Friday, 29 January 2010 14:15
Written by Alexandr Merkun
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Southern Kazakhstan, the ancient city of Turkestan.

 

Kazakhstan city of Turkestan (Iasi) was known as the spiritual and political center of the Turkic-speaking people and was the capital of the Kazakh Khanate. Turkestan 1500 years. Pilgrims say three trips to Turkestan equal small hajj to Mecca. Here, on the border of XIV-XV centuries., After a request by the Emir Timur, known in history as Tamerlane, was a huge mausoleum on the tomb of the Sufi saint Sheikh Khoja Ahmed Yassavi, an outstanding poet and humanist, Central Asia, the spiritual leader of the Turks, also known as Hazrat (Azret)-Sultan.
The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassavi - an unsurpassed masterpiece of medieval architecture and the amazing complex of palaces and temples. The height of the huge building that survived the many historical disasters, and was opened recently after recovery equals 44 meters, the diameter of the main dome - 22 meters. The building consists of 30 rooms and halls. Its central hall - a closed-down residence of the Kazakh khans, now here is open specific museum - the pantheon. Pearl of the museum is - Tai Kazan is the largest throughout the eastern Muslim world - a bowl of water. It was made from an alloy of seven metals. Elegant decor store and colorful tile mosaic capture the imagination. The whole city center - is a historical and cultural reservation Azret-Sultan. In addition to the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassavi, it includes a medieval bath hilvet, where he lived the great saint, the mausoleum of Timur's great granddaughter Rabia - Sultan Begim, and other monuments, among which miraculously survived underground house for thought Kumshik-ata.
Theological School, founded Yassavi attracted those who crave knowledge from neighboring towns and remote steppes of Kazakhstan. The city became the most important center of education in Kazakhstan. The memorial complex, which appeared on the grave Yassavi become the most visited temples in Central Asia. At the end of XIV Turkestan acquired a unique structure - a large complex of rooms, centered around the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed, built by Timur the Great. The most interesting archaeological sites associated with the era karaganid - IX-Xll century. It was a time when the Silk Road flourished famous city Otyrar, where for several years have been great archaeological excavations, it is now - a part of the historical-cultural reserve - Otyrar oasis and an interesting tourist attraction. Also located here - a wonderful historical museum, clearly demonstrating the capture of the city by the Mongols, and the monument XII-XX centuries. - Arystan woman on one of the Sufi saints. According to the legend, before the death of Mohammed gave Amanat - rosary Arystan Baba, he passed eleven year old boy, in the future, known Khoja Ahmed Yassavi.

The mausoleum attracts many pilgrims from all over Central Asia. Here are functioning - a pilgrimage center and a hotel. It is 40 km to the north of the desert of Turkestan are miraculously saved, the picturesque ruins of the ancient city Sauran (XVII c.), Known on the Great Silk Road. By historical places also owns a natural border Ordabasy, now declared as a historical park. Here, 30 km from Shymkent, in the beginning of the XVIII century. The Kazakhs have teamed up to fight the invaders from western Mongolia - Dzhungars. In the area there are also monuments of the XIX century. Presented mosques and madrassas, which are architectural complex - Appak-Ishan Village Chahin and churches. In the steppes near the city of Turkestan, situated on a hill shrine of Domalak analysis (beginning of XX century.). He was postroenv honor "Babishar Great Mother, daughter Aksultana." Domalak Ana was a clairvoyant with the gift of prophecy. According to popular belief, 3 Kazakh Horde came from her grandchildren Aldana, Xuan and Dulata.
 
Мавзолей Арыстан бабNearby, at the foot of the Tau, the mausoleum Baydibek-Ata. Baydibek-Ata was a national hero who united the Kazakh people to fight the invaders. Our contemporaries are coming here to otdatdan respect to the memory of their ancestors.

 

 

 

Ladies and gentlemen, Season Travel Kz organizes a trip to the South Kazakhstan region with visits to ancient cities such as Turkestan and Sairam, Sauran, Otrar and introduce you to the historical and architectural monuments of the Great Silk Road.

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